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Thursday, September 3 • 08:30 - 10:30
The Devil’s in the Details: Mechanics of Corruption in the Oil, Gas and Mining Industry

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The oil, gas and mining sectors are prone to corruption, thanks largely to the high financial stakes and weak oversight. Of the 427 cases reviewed in the 2014 OECD Foreign Bribery Report, 19% came from the extractive sector; of the 176 cases prosecuted under the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, 23% were oil sector cases.

Delving into actual cases of extractive sector corruption can help generate smarter response strategies. However, relative to the scale of the problem, this kind of empirical analysis is in short supply, and is discouraged by several factors: the cases are technical and complex, they often do not end in straightforward verdicts, and they involve very powerful governments and companies.


This panel forms part of an effort to address this gap. NRGI will present early findings from its analysis of 30 oil and mining corruption cases to identify common trends, such as the activities of middlemen or “fixers” often present in corrupt deals, or how local content provisions can be manipulated to benefit well-connected individuals. Global Witness will offer evidence from its ample body of case research to show how secret corporate structures can enable corrupt practices. A representative of the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) will provide an update on EITI activities in the Asia-Pacific region, and highlight specific kinds of EITI reporting (e.g. on state-owned company spending, license awards, etc.) that may reduce corruption risks.


Other speakers will delve into a single country’s experience. A civil society leader from Afghanistan will discuss how corruption has affected that country’s burgeoning mining sector, and the negative impacts it has brought. A senior official from the anti-corruption commission in Indonesia will draw lessons from several cases of oil and mining sector corruption, and discuss how they have been tackled to date.


Drawing on real-world cases, the speakers will tackle questions including: 

  • Which parts of oil, gas and mining sector governance (e.g. license allocations, regulation, revenue collection, etc.) are most prone to abuse, and what kind of losses result from these various cases?

  • What kinds of extractive sector corruption can be prosecuted, and which are rather sites of impunity?

  • How do public officials abuse transactions to benefit their personal or political interests? What tools are at their disposal, such as secrecy jurisdictions, enabling professionals, etc.?

  • How do various types of companies engage in corrupt transactions? How do the mechanics differ when the company serves the interest of a public official, as opposed to a company pursuing its own agenda via corrupt means?

 

The content of the discussions will help anti-corruption fighters (from ministries, ACAs, civil society and media) tailor their work to reflect the actual mechanics of oil, gas and mining sector corruption, and will identify gaps in our knowledge that need to be filled.


Speakers
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Shauna Leven

Director, Anti-Corruption Campaigns, Global Witness
Global Witness
avatar for Jonas Moberg

Jonas Moberg

Head of Secretariat, EITI
Jonas has documented his experience and learning from eight years of managing the EITI in a book co-written by Deputy Head, Eddie Rich: Beyond Governments: Making Collective Governance Work - Lessons from the EITI (2015). Before joining the EITI in 2007, Jonas was a Senior Advisor to the UN Global Compact. Prior to that, he was Director Corporate Policy and Practice at the Prince of Wales International Business Leaders Forum, London, which... Read More →
JN

Javed Noorani

Natural Resource Monitoring Network
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Matthieu Salomon

Asia-Pacific / Myanmar Manager, Natural Resource Governance Institute (Nrgi)
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Giri Suprapdiono

Director of Gratification, KPK (Corruption Eradication Commission)

Session Coordinators
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Alexandra Gillies

Natural Resource Governance Institute


TI PP pdf

Thursday September 3, 2015 08:30 - 10:30
Hall 5

Attendees (28)